Everybody lies. It's a universal human characteristic. If you're a fantastic person who'll tell a lie to never hurt your friend's feelings, into a cheating spouse, to spies and superheroes, we lie. But we all wish no-one would misinform us. You're here because you're among those those who hate being lied to and wish to understand how to become a human lie detector.
Based on Webster's Dictionary, a lie can be a false statement made with deliberate intent to deceive. People lie for various reasons, sometimes with nefarious intentions as well as other times with wholesome intentions. It could be to take care of a secret, to protect someone from harm, to shield someone's self-esteem from getting hurt, to stop punishment, to steer someone astray, to damage someone, etc.
All lies aren't the same, there are several kinds of lies. Below are a few:
Omission- Half truths, when one tells reality but abandon details
Bluff- Pretending to get or otherwise have something. Poker players try this to throw off other players
Exaggeration- Stretching reality.
Perjury- Lying under oath or affirmation in the courtroom. A life threatening felony
White lie- Minor lie which gives comfort to the recipient. If you plan on living among other people within a society, you'll need to commit this lie often.
Bold-Face- an understandable and unbelievable lie
Fabrication- giving an announcement as true despite being unsure of if it actually is true.
Noble lie- told in the event the overall good thing about having a lie is bigger over a grander scale than learning the truth (e.g. Ozymandias' plan following Watchmen).
And the list continues. They are some signals liars produce when lying. Pick up on these signals and you have a good chance of spotting a liar.
Avoid answering your question by deflecting it using a truth. E.g. Q."Did you are taking my hotdog?" A."I hate sausages, why would I take yours."
Stiff body movements and gestures. Kept near body
Greater than average sweating. (You may also have a signal of nervousness from shyness/diffidence)
Too much information. Telling too much might be a desperate attempt to have you believe them.
Unusual eye movement. This doesn't mean avoid his full attention. Truthful people also avoid fixing their gaze every so often. Right handed people usually look to the left when coming up with a lie and reverse with left-handed people.
Verbal and facial expressions are mismatched.
Liars usually continue the defensive when asked an issue. They would like to convince you with their "honesty".
Liars might disappear or put an item between you when asked a question
Lies come either rapidly (since they were already thinking of the "answer" before you asked) or very slowly (because they are having a quick mental review and coming up with the lie)
Liars have a tendency to takes place exact phrases and words inside the answer (e.g. Q."Did you sleep with my man" A."No, I did not sleep along with your man.")
Using no pronouns or contractions
Avoiding direct answers (like politicians)
Joking around using the susceptible to lower the tension
Their responses are usually emotionally vapid, don't resonate emotionally because liars are invariably wanting to convince you using logic and reason, not emotion.
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